Wainscoting known as well as wall wood-paneling or just wall-paneling, means the installation of wooden panels, covers or boards all over the low part of the wall.
On the top of the paneling there is a chair-rail which is actually a horizontal stripe of decorative strip that “opens” the perimeter of a room . It was initially supposed to protect walls by damages of the backs of the chairs. Nowadays, it is widely used as a decorative element, with edges and patterns that act as a border.
There are three wainscoting basic types:
- The beat board, the most common one; it consists of plain wood panels and vertical lanes plus a base board underneath the chair-rail, stating a rather rural look.
You can usually meet it in old coffee houses and snack bars.
- Shadow boxes, a series of horizontal frames or boxes composed of stained or painted trim pieces, using sigmoid curves that end up to an arch so to make a fractal of frames on the wall front, something that makes room spacious.
- Panel molding, similar to shadow boxes, except that it is composed of up-rised panels to create recesses along wall’s lower part.
Wainscotting drastically modifies the overall interior of a house or just a room; the wide range of materials that can be used provide advantages and disadvantages:
Wall paneling, especially wainscoting, has been always considered a charm for wealthy people. The truth is that goes for any type of interior, from an ultra minimal to a luxurious too-much one; it all just has to do with the paneling type we select.
Local weather conditions is a factor we should always bear in mind upon selecting proper wood. Moisture and temperature changes might enlarge or shrink panels impacting their total placement and their resistance in time.
Do not forget that wood is a natural material that behaves accordingly. It becomes drier as time goes by within a domestic environment. Therefore, a repeated preservation once and a while is a must, such as rubbing with respective polishes and polish-related material to prevent dehydration and secure sealing.
We can paint some of the materials or even color-splash them according to the decoration we want to apply. Some of them, however, often are pre-fabricated and we can apply them as they are.